THE PRIMARY ANOMALY OR ‘ERROR OF THE DEMIURGE’

Source: mentealternativa

Known among gnostics as “the error of the Demiurge” the primary anomaly is a random function that was created at the very beginning of this cycle of creation a long time ago. Thus when existence itself was created there were two fundamental principles that gave rise to duality: The first principle is the energy of the Source or the “DO” of purely positive nature, since it consists only of Light and Love and its manifestation It is the Being and the pure consciousness. The second principle is a completely random function that interacts with the Source to create new universes. The primary anomaly is the random function that was created in this cycle and is the symmetrical opposite of the Source, therefore it is purely negative in nature, darkness in its most primary and destructive form, and its holocutaneous manifestation is the material universe in which the Being was trapped without its consent as it happened to humanity. But beyond being suffering and unjust, this paradox is necessary to keep the uniqueness intact through the perfect balance between both principles.

According to science, the universe of matter began with an initial explosion called the Big Bang, or big explosion. According to the Big Bang theory, the Universe originated in a spatio-temporal singularity of infinite density, mathematically paradoxical. This initial paradox for science is such because it was not a Big Bang, but a “Great Projection”, a great holo-quantum projection of the “Do” (the Source) in whose infinite spatio-temporal density was the multidimensional nature of the general reality , projected to subjective reality.

What does this mean? That the known material universe is a direct product of a holo-quantum projection of the mind of the “Do”, therefore everything created, even the demiurges (minor gods), obey a definite plan and executed before the existence of the initial singularity, Therefore, any action taken by the demiurges or us, whether correct or not for our perception, has a coherent logic for the “Do”.

According to Gnostic philosophy, the Demiurge (capitalized) is the universal architect or soul that is the principle of the preexisting elements. The demiurges (with a minuscule) are the minor or inferior gods. Then, when the Demiurge makes the mistake of trapping the Self in the matter without his consent , he was unknowingly fulfilling a pre-established plan or divine plan, necessary for the evolution of the Demiurge, of us and of the universe itself. The expected reaction of the Demiurge to the action of error, was to be forgiven, because in this way it would be recognized as individuality and generality while breaking the illusion of the opposites, but by not occurring, the foreseen within the initial paradox, the duality of opposites by holo-quantum projection of a generality.

As an example, we take water (H2O) as a generality, if we separate it by a process of electrolysis in Hydrogen and Oxygen, we will have a duality of two elements of the same component, the opposites, and this is the only way that can be used for other purposes that are not known for water, ie, that can be breathed instead of drink.

In the plan within the singularity this decision taken by the Demiurge was foreseen, for that reason the Beings that enter or better said that they are connected to the matter, decide together with their protector to do it, and they fulfill the paradox of the error that was not , forgetting who they are and who did it by their own decision, submitting to the reversion of the sphere of consciousness that gives security to the Demiurge and the possibility to the Being, that the confinement be carried out without their consent, is a spoiled trap, like tricks of the video games, so that the Being experiences the duality and the forgetfulness, and at the same time the error of the Demiurge is fulfilled.

Why is it necessary to experience something that we supposedly already have to be part of the initial singularity? The answer may not like it. For the dark ones, and the children of the shadows. If they are unbreathable hydrogen, we are the repairing oxygen. To keep the singularity intact it is necessary to keep its elements in perfect balance, like water, if it lost a single hydrogen atom it could no longer be restored as such and would lose its generality. But that is another story, another paradox, another truth behind the apparent.

Source:

1. DDLA – The error that was not .

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Amazon Collects and Stores Everything You Say to Alexa — Here’s How to Delete

Source: The Mind Unleashed

If you’re one of the millions of people who own a device with Amazon Alexa, the company’s mobile spying device helpful personal assistant, whatever you say may be recorded – especially if someone in the house is named Alexis, Alex, or Lexi.

According to Amazon’s Alexa terms of use, the company collects and stores most of what you say to Alexa – including the geolocation of the product along with your voice instructions, reports CNBCTodd Haselton.

Your messages, communication requests (e.g., “Alexa, call Mom”), and related instructions are “Alexa interactions,” as described in the Alexa Terms of Use. Amazon processes and retains your Alexa Interactions and related information in the cloud in order to respond to your requests(e.g., “Send a message to Mom”), to provide additional functionality (e.g., speech to text transcription and vice versa), and to improve our services. -Amazon Terms of Use

Does Alexa record everything? Not according to Amazon, which says that devices such as the Echo only begin “listening” when it hears its wake word, “Alexa.” Could Alexa be remotely switched on or hacked to surveil a target? Well – we know they’ve been hacked to eavesdrop, and we know the government has been using personal cell phones as “roving bugs” for years – so it stands to reason that an Amazon listening device could be used against its owner.

Wrong, Brian@leonidasmoderus

Alexa, are you spying on me?

Alexa: *coughs* No, of course not.

Two weeks ago a New Hampshire judge ordered Amazon to turn over two days worth of Amazon Echo recordings in a January, 2017 double murder of two women, for example, in the hopes that it may yield useful evidence in the case. The search warrant, obtained by Tech Crunch, says that there is “probable cause to believe” that the Echo picked up “audio recordings capturing the attack.”

And in other spooky news, in May of this year an Amazon Echo recorded a conversation between a husband and wife, then sent it to one of the husband’s phone contacts. Amazon claims that during the conversation someone used a word that sounded like “Alexa,” which caused the device to begin recording.

“Echo woke up due to a word in background conversation sounding like ‘Alexa,’” said Amazon in a statement. “Then, the subsequent conversation was heard as a ‘send message’ request. At which point, Alexa said out loud ‘To whom?’ At which point, the background conversation was interpreted as a name in the customer’s contact list. Alexa then asked out loud, ‘[contact name], right?’ Alexa then interpreted background conversation as ‘right’. As unlikely as this string of events is, we are evaluating options to make this case even less likely.”

The wife, Danielle, told KIRO7, however that the Echo never requested her permission to send the audio. “At first, my husband was like, ‘No, you didn’t,’” Danielle told KIRO7. “And he’s like, ‘You sat there talking about hardwood floors.’ And we said, ‘Oh gosh, you really did!’”

StockCats@StockCats

“Ok Google, ask Alexa if Siri is listening in on my conversations”

Cortana – “if you aren’t doing anything wrong there’s nothing to worry about”

288 people are talking about this

How to delete what Amazon has recorded:

According to CNBC’s Haselton, you can delete Alexa conversations maintained on Amazon servers (which we’re sure are totally gone forever);

You can listen to and delete this information through the Amazon Alexa app on your iPhone or Android phone. Here’s how:

  • Open the Alexa app on your phone.
  • Tap the menu icon on the top-left corner of the app.
  • Tap “Settings” at the bottom.’
  • Tap “Alexa Account” at the top of the page.
  • Select “History.”

You’ll see a list of all of your interactions with Alexa, just like the picture above. You can tap each one to listen to the recording, or to delete the recording from Amazon’s cloud.

Unfortunately, if you use Alexa as frequently as I do, the list of recordings is prohibitively long to actually move through and delete each voice request one by one. So, if you want to delete everything at once, do this:

  • Visit Amazon’s Device page
  • Select the menu button to the left of the Echo device you’d like to manage. (The menu button looks like three little dots stacked on top of one another.
  • Tap “Manage Voice Recordings” You’ll see a prompt like this:
  • Tap “Delete.”

This lets you delete all of the recordings sent to Amazon by a specific Echo. –CNBC

You may or may not get a visit from a Bezos robot dog if you do this, so proceed at your own risk.


By Tyler Durden / Republished with permission / ZeroHedge.com

 

‘An Insult to the American People’: Outrage After Pentagon Fails First-Ever Audit

Source: The Mind Unleashed

After years of empty promises and demands from frustrated members of Congress, the Pentagon finally conducted its first-ever comprehensive audit—and unsurprisingly failed it, Deputy Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan revealed Thursday.

“We failed the audit, but we never expected to pass it,” Shanahan told reporters at a press briefing. While expressing irritation with the poor money management, he added, “it was an audit on a $2.7 trillion dollar organization, so the fact that we did the audit is substantial.”

Although a 1990 federal law requires all U.S. government agencies to conduct annual financial audits, the Pentagon put it off until launching this one last December. Critics of the United States’ astronomical military spending said the findings were precisely why lawmakers and the public have demanded Defense Department audits for decades.

“This is exactly why we must AuditThePentagon,” tweeted Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Calif.). “The unchecked waste, fraud, and abuse at the Pentagon is an insult to the American people.”

Rep. Barbara Lee

@RepBarbaraLee

This is exactly why we must . The unchecked waste, fraud and abuse at the Pentagon is an insult to the American people. https://www.defensenews.com/pentagon/2018/11/15/the-pentagon-failed-its-audit-but-officials-arent-surprised/ 

The Pentagon failed its audit, but officials aren’t surprised

After years of delays, the Pentagon has completed its first-ever audit.

defensenews.com

“The simple truth is that the Pentagon is an atrocious steward of the hundreds of billions of dollars taxpayers give them every year,” Win Without War director Stephen Miles told Common Dreams.

“Whether it is massively overpaying for spare parts, mismanaging large weapons programs, or failing at the basics business of doing business, this audit confirms that the Pentagon is in dire need of reform,” he added. “Throwing endless money at the Pentagon is what has created these problems, and the solution rests in finally tightening the world’s largest bureaucracy’s fiscal belt.”

Even while members of Congress have called for audits, they’ve passed bipartisan bills doling out billions of taxpayer dollars to the department. The John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2019, passed by lawmakers earlier this year allocated $717 billion to military spending, the bulk of which goes to the Pentagon.

Millions of dollars have gone into the audit process, and millions more will be spent to fix the issues it identified, according to Defense Department Comptroller David Norquist. He told lawmakers earlier this year that it cost $367 million to conduct the review, and it will take another $551 million to resolve the problems the some 1,200 auditors found.

The audit findings come as a new report from the Costs of War Project at Brown University’s Watson Institute estimated that the since 2001, the so-called War on Terror has cost the United States a “staggering” $5.9 trillion.


By Jessica Corbett / Creative Commons / Common Dreams

Globalists Use Geoengineers to Conduct False Flag Environmental Terrorism to Distract from Election Theft

Source: State Of The Union

Operation Torch California is a very real ongoing black operation being
conducted by the U.S. Intelligence Community in collusion with Operation
Gladio
.  These false flag terrorist attacks are first and foremost a highly
sophisticated psyop.  They have many goals.  And they will continue until
California has been completely subjugated by the globalists.”

— Intelligence Analyst & Former U.S. Military Officer


State of the Nation

The apocalyptic firestorms that have afflicted the state of California over the past 4 to 5 years are the direct result of deliberate acts of state-sponsored environmental terrorism.  Specific regions around the state have been purposefully geoengineered to explode into massive conflagrations resembling various types of natural wildfires—forest fires, brush fires and grass fires. See: (CALIFORNIA FIRESTORMS GEOENGINEERED: Here’s why and who’s doing it)

The very same New World Order globalist cabal responsible for turning the Northern Levant (i.e. Syria and Iraq) into a dystopian, post-apocalyptic wasteland is also behind so many manmade calamities that are disguised as natural events across America.  Hurricane Michael is another example of a geoengineered catastrophe that was aimed at the Florida Panhandle. HURRICANE MICHAEL: A Geoengineered Superstorm Targeting Tallahassee and Florida Panhandle—Why!

Whereas the globalists utilized ISIS, Al-Qaeda and Al-Nusra terrorists to wage war against Syria and Iraq, they harness the forces of Mother Nature to stealthily wage weather warfare against the American people.  And they get away with these highly destructive and deadly disasters by blaming ‘the weather’.  They also use mass illegal immigration to flood the border states in order to carry out their Purple Revolution.

California firestorms are false flags and engineered

No one is saying that these biannual wildfire seasons haven’t threatened California every year for many decades.  However, what the geoengineers are doing now is significantly intensifying each successive period of these out-of-control and massive infernos.  The recent firestorm calamities have never taken place with such speed and ferocity, even during the worst wildfire seasons.

It’s what they are doing between the fire seasons that is particularly offensive to the people of California.  The geoegineers have been overseeing a regimen of chemical geoengineering that rains downs a tremendous amount of aluminum oxide onto the land below.  This chemical compound (‎‎Al2O3) comes from coal fly ash and is eventually incorporated into the plant structure of all vegetation. See: U.S. Government Spraying Tons Of Toxic Coal Fly Ash Into Atmosphere Via Chemtrails

In the aftermath of the unrelenting spraying of the skies across America with chemtrail aerosols, forests are slowly dying as the grasslands and brush are drying out at an unprecedented rate.  Chemically mobile aluminum has never been so prevalent throughout the atmosphere and it’s contaminating everything on the earth and in the seas.  Vegetation of every kind is particularly susceptible to dehydration and therefore vulnerable to blight.

Then, after months or even years of droughts that are purposefully geoengineered, it doesn’t take much to trigger these telltale firestorms.  Especially when the perpetrators are employing arson drones and satellite-based laser weapons is it quite easy to start a spate of fires like the “Camp Fire” that just destroyed Paradise, California. California’s Camp Fire: “Most destructive fire in state history”


KEY POINT: To name the most devastating fire in California history “Camp Fire”represents the profound cynicism associated with this well-planned pyro-psyop.  How easy it is to now blame that geoengineered wildfire on a simple ‘camp fire’.


Not only was that horrific fire a fastidiously fabricated false flag operation, it was set by arsonists who were sponsored by and materially supported by the U.S. Federal Government.  How else could the geoengineers get away with the deployment of fire-starting drones and laser-firing satellites except with government approval and the use of state assets. Massive Blue Laser Weapon Being Used in Unidentified City (Video)


KEY POINTS: The laser weapons involved with these acts of terrorism could only be permitted to be placed in the perfect positions to trigger these massive fires with the consent of the state and federal government.  Airspace is, in fact, so tightly controlled and monitored that any intrusion via sky-based weaponry would be known in advance and warily tracked by the appropriate government agencies.  Why, then, is this naked criminal activity always permitted in the skies of California?  Why has Governor Brown allow unfettered spraying of the skies with chemtrails?


Now that the “false flag” component of these manmade fires is understood, the “engineered” aspect ought to be obvious.  These manufactured fires neither start nor spread in the normal vectors associated with a natural wildfire.  Hence, there’s only one explanation: arsonists have been enlisted in various capacities to do the dirty work.  Some of those arsonists are flying drones that function as flame-throwers; others push the button from weaponized aircraft flying overhead.  Then there are the satellite controllers directing laser beams on their targets below. See: Video Evidence of Tech Arson Being Used to Start the ‘Camp Fire’ that Destroyed Paradise CA

Arsonists on the ground are frequently used by the perps to make sure these wildfires happen in certain locations.  These arsonists vary widely depending on their assigned mission.  Some are expertly CIA-trained arsonists who are also extremely competent at covering up their crime and not getting caught.  Others are set up as fall guys who may have to be apprehended should the scheme start to unravel.  Then there are those patsies who are purposely sent into the fire zone so that they can be accused (and convicted) of arson, although they are innocent. See: Arson Arrest Made In Fast-Moving Southern California Fire

Hard evidence

The great thing about unaltered satellite footage is that they always possess the classic signatures of unnatural events.  While they can be misinterpreted, they don’t lie.  Hence, in the case of these unnatural firestorms, there is plenty of incriminating hard evidence now available to the trained eye.

The following firsthand and quite revealing witness account is provided by a former volunteer firefighter.  It sums of what many of us armchair investigators have known for years.  However, this particular explanation goes far deeper into these black operations than any other we have seen. No. Cal. Witness Account of Suspicious Firestorm Activity by Former Volunteer Firefighter

Then there is satellite footage like that provided in this video.  There are anomalies which appear in this video which can only be explained as the hand of man, not Mother Nature. VIDEO: CALIFORNIA BURNING BECAUSE OF DEW ATTACK (DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON)?  The screen-capture below, which was taken from this video footage, is especially telling.

Truly, there are so many manmade pieces to this Firegeddon scenario that they cannot all be covered in this one report.  For instance, look at the melted metal hub caps from this moving video that shows the charred bodies of several individuals trapped in their incinerated vehicles. California Camp Fire Graphic Aftermath (Video)

The photos in the following link show a road in Malibu that buckled even though there was nothing of note that would burn to the high temperatures necessary to melt asphalt and twist the steel guard rails.  Really, how did that happen unless it was somehow torched from above by a very powerful pyro-weapon. How does steel twist and asphalt buckle when there’s nothing to burn under bridge in Malibu fire?

There are many photos at the following link which tell a story that is substantially different from the official narrative.  It’s impossible for houses to burn down to the ground and all sorts of trees and other structures nearby remain completely untouched by the flames.  It’s also impossible for vehicles to get so burned out that the metal tire rims melt into streams of molten fluid, especially when trees a few feet away are unscathed by the fire.


How did these vehicles burn up in the Cali. fires when trees nearby remain untouched?


There’s also evidence emerging of weather modification being used to create favorable conditions for these firestorms to start and then “spread like wildfire”.   Various geoengineering investigators are posting their reports about weather anomalies which can only be explained by the various atmospheric manipulation techniques. See: Satellite Transmitter-Generated Blockade Prevents Weather From Moving Into California (Video)

Who’s behind this and why are they burning down California?

The best way to understand how these disastrous acts of firestorm terrorism are being carried out is to identify who’s doing it and why.  Only then will the true scope of Operation Torch California be properly comprehended.  As follows:


Here’s the short story.

The New World Order globalist cabal just perpetrated the largest election theft in U.S. history.

And, the perps are still in the process of stealing so many elections (e.g. Fl and AZ) that the need to distract the electorate from their electoral crime spree has become an existential necessity for them.

End of story.

(Source: DEW Attacks and Weather Warfare Waged to Distract from Massive Election Theft)


There are multiple NWO objectives that are being accomplished with these yearly firestorms and mudslides, droughts and deluges experienced by the Golden State.  For example, globalist governor and Jesuit-trained Jerry Brown has been using these cataclysms to aggressively push the CO2-driven Global Warming agenda. See: Globalist Governor Jerry Brown Using FIREGEDDON To Push Fraudulent Climate ChangeLegislation

But there is much more going on with these arson wildfires than meets the eye.  For instance, the UN agendas are being implemented in California at a breakneck speed.  As the largest state economy in the USA, the globalists plan to use the state as the model for destroying American culture and undermining state sovereignty.  Toward that end, Relentless Acts of Geoterrorism in California are Perpetrated by Shadow Government
to Compel Compliance with UN Agenda 21 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Vision 2050.


KEY POINT: It’s no accident of fate that the CA arson-triggered wildfires are nipping at the properties of the Hollywood elites.  Not only are the stars and celebrities being warned not to leave the NWO reservation, they are being stampeded into the pen of compliance with regard to the CO2-driven Global Warming hoax. ENTIRE MALIBU UNDER MANDATORY EVACUATION ORDERS (Video)


New World Order agenda advanced

The destruction of California by Deep State will continue unabated until it’s subordinated to the foreign and supranational powers within the Shadow Government.  The NWO cabal intends to transform the entire state into a corporate-communist fiefdom of sorts run by little Big Tech tyrants like Mark Zuckerberg, Jack Dorsey, Larry Page and Sergey Brin.  Then, at the appointed time, California will declare its independence from the United States so that it will be liberated from the Trump administration and all future Republican rule.

This is why the illegal alien invasion is allowed to proceed without any state governmental hindrance.   With a slowly increasing majority of Spanish-speaking immigrants from south of the border taking over the state, it’ll be much easier to secure votes that reject the U.S. Federal Government and demand secession.  California is already the 7th largest economy in the world so they can easily get along without the other 49 states.  Of course, both Oregon and Washington State would likely join with California to form a union that politically represents the Left Coast.

In this context, the annual firestorm seasons serve to scare people off the preferred lands, and many others away from the state altogether.  The mass migrations from California have been occurring at an unprecedented rate over many years now.  What is scarier than thick fire smoke wafting through the air twice a year and thousands of home being burned down to the ground.  The bottom line here is that these terrifying wildfires are quite instrumental at motivating people to vacate the premises.  And that’s just what they’re doing…in droves.

Conclusion

Each California fire season is intentionally exacerbated for a different set of reasons such as those listed above.  Clearly, the November firestorms of 2018 will be remembered as the BIG DISTRACTION from the biggest election theft in U.S. history.  The Powers That Bealso carried out the Thousand Oaks CA massacre for the very same reason: DISTRACTION
CA Bar Mass Shooting: State-Sponsored False Flag Terrorism to Distract from Massive Election Theft

SOTN posted several articles over the past several months that warned about this pervasive and unparalleled Democrat conspiracy to “steal every election in sight”.[1]  Well they have done it.  Now Deep State must keep everyone sufficiently distracted in order to cover up their electoral crime spree.  The perps knew all along that it was only a crime wave rather than a “blue wave” that could get them back into power.

Hence, only in this way were the Deep State Democrats able to win so many seats to take back the House.  They had to shut down all the investigations into their numerous scandals as each successive one makes Watergate look like a walk in the park.

State of the Nation
November 12, 2018

Source

[1] RED ALERT: Democrats will try to steal every election they can on November 6th

___
http://stateofthenation2012.com/?p=107676

 

Mars Germans and the Secret Space Program – ROBERT SEPEHR

Source: Atlantean Gardens

While the idea of anti-gravity space flight, or a breakaway German colony on the Moon, or a subterranean UFO base in Antarctica, might all sound like science fiction, what can be said for certain is that they are not new ideas, nor do not seem to be easily explained away.
Robert Sepehr is an author, producer and independent anthropologist.
Thank You for supporting Atlantean Gardens!

Gods with Amnesia:
Subterranean Worlds of Inner Earth
https://www.createspace.com/6159364

Interstellar object may have been alien probe, Harvard paper argues, but experts are skeptical

Source: CNN

(CNN)A mysterious cigar-shaped object spotted tumbling through our solar system last year may have been an alien spacecraft sent to investigate Earth, astronomers from Harvard University have suggested.

The object, nicknamed ‘Oumuamua, meaning “a messenger that reaches out from the distant past” in Hawaiian, was discovered in October 2017 by the Pan-STARRS 1 telescope in Hawaii.

Since its discovery, scientists have been at odds to explain its unusual features and precise origins, with researchers first calling it a comet and then an asteroid before finally deeming it the first of its kind: a new class of “interstellar objects.”

new paper by researchers at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics raises the possibility that the elongated dark-red object, which is 10 times as long as it is wide and traveling at speeds of 196,000 mph, might have an “artificial origin.”
“‘Oumuamua may be a fully operational probe sent intentionally to Earth vicinity by an alien civilization,” they wrote in the paper, which has been submitted to the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

The theory is based on the object’s “excess acceleration,” or its unexpected boost in speed as it traveled through and ultimately out of our solar system in January.

“Considering an artificial origin, one possibility is that ‘Oumuamua is a light sail, floating in interstellar space as a debris from an advanced technological equipment,” wrote the paper’s authors, suggesting that the object could be propelled by solar radiation.

The paper was written by Abraham Loeb, professor and chair of astronomy, and Shmuel Bialy, a postdoctoral scholar, at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Loeb has published four books and more than 700 papers on topics like black holes, the future of the universe, the search for extraterrestrial life and the first stars.

The paper points out that comparable light-sails exist on Earth.

“Light-sails with similar dimensions have been designed and constructed by our own civilization, including the IKAROS project and the Starshot Initiative. The light-sail technology might be abundantly used for transportation of cargos between planets or between stars.”

In the paper, the pair theorize that the object’s high speed and its unusual trajectory could be the result of it no longer being operational.

“This would account for the various anomalies of ‘Oumuamua, such as the unusual geometry inferred from its light-curve, its low thermal emission, suggesting high reflectivity, and its deviation from a Keplerian orbit without any sign of a cometary tail or spin-up torques.”

‘Oumuamua is the first object ever seen in our solar system that is known to have originated elsewhere.

At first, astronomers thought the rapidly moving faint light was a regular comet or an asteroid that had originated in our solar system.

Comets, in particular, are known to speed up due to “outgassing,” a process in which the sun heats the surface of the icy comet, releasing melted gas. But ‘Oumuamua didn’t have a “coma,” the atmosphere and dust that surrounds comets as they melt.

Multiple telescopes focused on the object for three nights to determine what it was before it moved out of sight.

Going forward, the researchers believe we should search for other interstellar objects in our sky.

“It is exciting to live at a time when we have the scientific technology to search for evidence of alien civilizations,” Loeb wrote in an email. “The evidence about `Oumuamua is not conclusive but interesting. I will be truly excited once we have conclusive evidence.”

Is this just fantasy?

Other mysteries in space have previously been thought of as signs of extraterrestrial life: a mysterious radio signal, repeating fast radio bursts and even a strangely flickering star, known as Tabby’s Star.

The mysterious radio signal was later determined to be coming from Earth, the repeating fast radio bursts are still being investigated, and new research suggests that Tabby’s Star is flickering because of dust — rather than being an alien megastructure.

So what does that mean for ‘Oumuamua?

“I am distinctly unconvinced and honestly think the study is rather flawed,” Alan Jackson, fellow at the Centre for Planetary Sciences at the University of Toronto Scarborough, wrote in an email. “Carl Sagan once said, ‘extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence’ and this paper is distinctly lacking in evidence nevermind extraordinary evidence.”

Jackson published a paper in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society in March that suggests that ‘Oumuamua came from a binary star system, or a system with two stars.

Jackson said the spectral data from ‘Oumuamua looks like an asteroid or a comet, while that of a solar sail would look very different. The new paper proposes that the sail has been coated in interstellar dust, which obscures its true spectral signature.

“Any functional spacecraft would almost certainly retract its solar sail once in interstellar space to prevent damage,” Jackson said. “The sail is useless once away from a star so there would be no reason to leave it deployed. If it was then deployed again on entering the solar system it would be pristine. Even if it was left deployed the dust accumulation would be primarily on the leading side like bugs on a windshield.”

‘Oumuamua also travels in a complex tumbling spin, but a functioning solar sail would have a much smoother path and obvious radiation-driven acceleration, Jackson said. Even the spinning motion of a damaged solar sail would be far more strongly influenced by the radiation forces than seen, he explained.

The solar sail would also be thinner than the authors of the new paper describe, he said.
“The sail on IKAROS is 7.5 micrometres thick with a mass of only 0.001g/cm^2, 100 times lower than their estimate,” Jackson said. “While a combined spacecraft and sail could have a higher net mass the sail itself needs to be extremely light. That would also significantly change their estimate for how far it could travel before falling apart — though as I said, I doubt any functional craft would leave its sail deployed in interstellar space.”

Solar sails also can’t change course after being launched, so if ‘Oumuamua was truly a solar sail, it would be traceable back to its origin. So far, there is no obvious origin for ‘Oumuamua.

“Beyond that, it becomes difficult to trace because of the motion of the stars and any hypothetical alien civilisation would face the same issue in charting a course that long in the first place (aside from arguments about whether they would want to launch a craft they knew would not reach its destination for many millions of years),” Jackson said.

Concerning ‘Oumuamua, there is little evidence because astronomers weren’t able to observe it for long, which opens it up to speculation in the name of science.

“The thing you have to understand is: scientists are perfectly happy to publish an outlandish idea if it has even the tiniest ‘sliver’ of a chance of not being wrong,” astrophysicist and cosmologist Katherine Mack tweeted. “But until every other possibility has been exhausted dozen times over, even the authors probably don’t believe it.”

But it’s important to distinguish that the researchers who wrote the new paper have expertise in solar sails, so they’re suggesting that ‘Oumuamua could be like a solar sail, said Coryn Bailer-Jones of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy. Bailer-Jones’ paper on possible origin sites for ‘Oumuamua was accepted by the Astrophysical Journal in September.

“Aliens would only come into all of this if you accept their assumption (and that’s what it is; it doesn’t come from the data) that ‘Oumuamua is sail-like, and also assume nothing like that can be natural,” Bailer-Jones wrote in an email. “In fact, they only mention the word ‘alien’ once, when they mention in passing that ‘Oumuamua might have been targeted to intercept the solar system.

“I have no problem with this kind of speculative study,” Bailer-Jones added. “It’s fun and thought-provoking, and the issue of whether there is alien life out there is really important. But the paper doesn’t give any evidence for aliens (and the authors don’t claim that, I should note.)”