Will China Mars Mission encounter Breakaway German Colony?

Source: Exopolitics

China is on schedule to launch an orbiter and rover to Mars in July 2020 in a mission called Tianwen-1 – meaning ‘questions to heaven’. While the mission goals for Tianwen-1 appear very mundane – mapping the surface and extracting soil samples – one of the “questions to heaven” that the Chinese are very interested in answering is: “are multiple insider accounts of a German space colony that moved to Mars from Antarctica in the 1950s/1960s true?”

Andrew Jones from SpaceNews explains what to expect with the Tianwen-1 mission:

The Tianwen-1 orbiter will be equipped with a high-resolution camera comparable to HiRise on board NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It also carries a medium-resolution camera, subsurface radar, mineralogy spectrometer, neutral and energetic particle analyzers and a magnetometer. The orbiter will also play a relay role for the mission rover.

The roughly 240-kilogram solar-powered rover is nearly twice the mass of China’s Yutu lunar rovers. It will carry a ground-penetrating radar, multispectral camera, a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy instrument and payloads for detecting the climate and magnetic environment. The rover has a mission design lifetime of three Earth months. The rover will receive a name through a public vote closer to launch.

The Chinese orbiter and rover will provide independent data to answer many questions Chinese researchers have about Mars in terms of its ancient history and life, without relying on third parties such as NASA and the European Space Agency, which are well known to disseminate disinformation.

The China National Space Administration is well aware of data from NASA’s 1976 Viking mission that showed evidence of both current and ancient life on Mars.

Gilbert Levin’s two experiments conducted by twin landers both showed evidence of microscopic life on Mars. Nevertheless, his positive results were dismissed by NASA as he explained in a 2019 article for Scientific American:

On July 30, 1976, the LR [Labeled Release] returned its initial results from Mars. Amazingly, they were positive. As the experiment progressed, a total of four positive results, supported by five varied controls, streamed down from the twin Viking spacecraft landed some 4,000 miles apart. The data curves signaled the detection of microbial respiration on the Red Planet. The curves from Mars were similar to those produced by LR tests of soils on Earth. It seemed we had answered that ultimate question.

When the Viking Molecular Analysis Experiment failed to detect organic matter, the essence of life, however, NASA concluded that the LR had found a substance mimicking life, but not life. Inexplicably, over the 43 years since Viking, none of NASA’s subsequent Mars landers has carried a life detection instrument to follow up on these exciting results.

Additionally, the Viking orbiter took photos of the famous Face of Mars in the Cydonia region that was analyzed in depth by a number of researchers. Dr. JJ Hurtak was among the first to bring public attention to the existence of artificial structures on Mars revealed by Viking and the earlier Mariner 9 mission in a number of television interviews beginning in 1977.

The first scientific analysis of the Viking data was published in 1982 in Omni Magazine by Vincent DiPietro, an electrical engineer, and Gregory Molenaar, a computer engineer. Their 1982 Omni article was an extract of their 77-page book, Unusual Martian Surface Features, also released that year. They were soon followed by Richard Hoagland, who in 1987 authored The Monuments of Mars: A City on the Edge of Forever; and Hurtak, who co-authored The Face on Mars: Evidence of A Lost Martian Civilization in 1989.

Officially, NASA cast scorn on the analyses of Hurtak, DiPietro, and Hoagland about the Cydonia region containing the remains of an ancient Martian civilization. Nevertheless, other US government agencies were very interested in Hurtak, DiPietro and Hoagland’s analyses.

A declassified Central Intelligence Agency document reveals that in 1984, the CIA employed a psychic “remote viewer” to look at a region of Mars as it was approximately one million years ago. The remote viewer (Joseph McMoneagle), who was not aware that the coordinates given were on the planet Mars, described seeing pyramids, futuristic technologies, and a very tall human-looking civilization facing impending environmental calamity.

What makes the CIA document remarkable is that the coordinates provided to the remote viewer, Joseph McMoneagle, were of the Cydonia region as depicted in the 1976 Viking Orbiter images of Mars.

There are many questions about microbial and ancient intelligent life on Mars that the Chinese will begin to answer for themselves with the upcoming Tianwen-1 mission. However, the more interesting ‘questions to heaven’ are whether indigenous intelligent life continues to exist on Mars and whether in the 1950s/1960s, a German space colony was established there with US funding and logistical support….

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Chinese Alarmed Over Antarctic Battle

Source: ABC

By political reporter Jackson Gothe-Snape

A new research base is reportedly stoking Chinese fears of a territorial “battle” in Antarctica.

Key points:

  • A Hong Kong newspaper reported on the emerging “battle” in Antarctica
  • The story quoted an unnamed Chinese government researcher concerned about a new US base near a Chinese facility deep within the Australian Antarctic Territory
  • No such base exists, according to Antarctic experts

There’s just one problem: experts believe the facility simply doesn’t exist.

The situation has angered scientists who maintain a spirit of co-operation on the southern continent.

The Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post, acquired by Chinese businessman Jack Ma in 2016, reported this week that a base set up by the US was an “attempt to block” plans by China to formally manage the region and it “appears to be backed by the US military”.

“It is a battle of political will, military power, global influence … and it has been heating up noticeably in recent months,” the article stated, quoting an unnamed Chinese government researcher.

The article described a US base “about 100 kilometres” from Chinese station Kunlun in an area known as “Dome A”. It’s deep inside the Australian Antarctic Territory.

However neither Australian officials or one of Australia’s leading astrophysicists are aware of any such station. Enquiries by the ABC to Chinese and US Antarctic programs and embassies yielded no further information.

The nearest US-linked operation was a remote telescope deployed at “Ridge A”, 150km from the Chinese base, in 2012.

A map showing the highest parts of Antarctica

INFOGRAPHIC: This map shows the locations of Dome A and Ridge A, deep within Antarctica. (Supplied: University of Arizona)

But according to UNSW’s Michael Ashley — who led that project alongside researchers from the University of Arizona — it was removed earlier this year.

“The field station was scheduled for removal in January 2018, as per the usual protocol of cleaning up after you have finished with a field station,” he said.

“However, strongly corrugated snow caused the Twin Otter aircraft landing to be aborted after a couple of attempts.

“The pull-out mission was rescheduled for January 2019, and this time the Twin Otter was able to land, and a team of four people spent over 10 days there — living in tents, at a pressure altitude of 4,500m, and temperatures of -40 degrees Celsius — disassembling the equipment and packing it into multiple return flights.

“Ridge A is now just marked by footprints and the ski marks of the Twin Otters.”

Geopolitical tensions

China has been seeking to set up a “specially managed area” (ASMA) around its remote base at Dome A, the highest point in the Antarctic ice sheet.

ASMAs help cooperation in busy areas and are managed by a single country or group of countries. For example, the ASMA at the South Pole requires incoming aircraft to notify the US.

The area at Dome A has been identified as the best location for space observation on the planet.

The site is within Australia’s Antarctic claim but China can still pursue an ASMA because of a unique arrangement for administration of the southern continent.

The Antarctic Treaty has put all claims on hold and instead encourages nations involved in Antarctica to co-operate. It also bans mining and military activity.

However, China’s efforts to establish an ASMA at Dome A so far have been rebuffed by other nations involved in Antarctica.

A camp in Antarctica with tents on a cloudless day

PHOTO: The camp when packing up the Ridge A technology in January 2019. (Supplied: Craig Kulesa, University of Arizona)

A spokesperson for Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said “Australia has strong bilateral cooperation and regular engagement with both the United States and China on Antarctic matters”.

“For many decades, the Antarctic Treaty system has contributed towards strategic stability on the continent through its prohibition on military measures and nuclear testing, its freedom of scientific investigation and requirement to cooperate, and protection of positions on sovereign claims.”

Australia has made a claim to 42 per cent of Antarctica, linked to its long tradition of exploration and research in the area, most notably by Douglas Mawson.

Map showing claims of countries to Antarctica

INFOGRAPHIC: Australia has a claim to 42 per cent of Antarctica. (Supplied: Geoscience Australia)

Close friendships

The South China Morning Post article claimed China was the first nation to reach the remote plain of ice, at 4,093 metres above sea level, in a land expedition in 2005.

The University of Canterbury’s Anne-Marie Brady believes an ASMA in the region is seen by the Chinese government as “soft presence”, or a “subtle way for a state to control territory”.

“But China’s ASMA plan does not meet criteria, so its proposal has continually been blocked by other Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties,” she wrote on Twitter.

“The next Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting is in Prague [in July]. You can be sure that the [Chinese Government] will put the Dome A ASMA on the agenda.”

A tent in Antarctica on a cloudless day

PHOTO: A tent stands deep within Antarctica at Ridge A in January 2019. (Supplied: Craig Kulesa, University of Arizona)

Having failed to win consensus for its ASMA proposal in 2016, China commenced negotiations on a code of conduct for the area.

Professor Ashley played down any notion of a “battle” in Antarctica.

“Australian and Chinese astronomers have had close collaborations — and friendships — for more than a decade at Kunlun.”

“We work on joint projects where scientific equipment is designed and built by both sides, and has to come together perfectly, and in time for the annual traverse to Kunlun, to be successful.”

The ANU’s Tony Travouillon, another Antarctic astronomy expert, said claims of tensions were “dangerous to the current state of the relationship between the countries — which is extremely positive”.

“We have countries like China and the US that are normally not working so well — but on Antarctica, you have all countries working in unison.

“No bad blood, no political restrictions.”